IoT Definitions

Top IoT Terms you Need to Know

Working in the Internet of Things (IoT) industry, you’re bound to come across terminology and acronyms that are not clear.  We’re here to help.  Below are the top terms you need to know!


Cat M1

Category M1 (Cat M1) is a low-power wide area (LPWAN) cellular technology that is built specifically for IoT projects.  Read more

Cellular IoT

Many IoT projects take advantage of the same 2G/3G/4G/LTE cellular networks that smartphones and other mobile devices have been using for years.  Read more

Firmware-Over-The-Air (FOTA)

Firmware-over-the-air (FOTA) is a Mobile Software Management (MSM) technology that enables the operating firmware of a cellular device to be upgraded and updated wirelessly over the network (“over the air”).  Read more


A gateway is a stopping point on a network that facilitates data as it travels to and from other networks. Simply put, gateways enable entry into different networks on the Internet so users can send emails, visit websites and more.  Read more


Internet of Things (IoT) is the concept of connecting devices and their components to the Internet, empowering ordinary devices with intelligence that allows them to provide additional value.  Read more


LPWANs are a class of low-power wide-area networks. There are many different LPWAN networks being used today, but the most commonly-used standards include LoRaWAN, SigFox, LTE-M, NB-IoT, RPMA, Symphony Link and Weightless.  Read more


Machine-to-machine communication (M2M) is when multiple machines interact with one another without any human interference.  Read more

Nb IoT

Narrowband IoT, also known as Nb-IoT or LTE-M2 is a low-power wide-area network that powers a variety of different cellular devices and services, and doesn’t operate in the licensed LTE construct.  Read more


The PCS Type Certification Review Board, also known as the PTCRB, is a certification board established by North American cellular operators to test mobile phones, IoT devices, M2M devices and modules, and similar hardware operating on mobile networks.  Read more


Zigbee is a low-power wireless local area network (WLAN) that facilitates IoT and machine-to-machine (M2M) networks with low data and power usage. It’s primarily used for two-way data transfer between a sensor and a control system, with most connected devices running off of a battery.  Read more